The share of energy from renewable sources used for transport in the EU stood at 7.6 percent in 2017, compared with 3.1 percent in 2007, the European Commission announced on Friday.
Although the share has been increasing steadily in recent years across the EU, only two member states were above the 2020 target share of 10 percent in 2017 - Sweden with 38.6 percent and Finland with 18.8 percent, the Commission said.
"These two countries also had the highest increases in shares between 2016 and 2017 among EU member states: + 9.8 percentage points for Finland and + 4.8 percentage points for Sweden," it explained.
While Austria with 9.7 percent and France with 9.1 percent were relatively close to achieving the 10 percent target, most countries had shares between 5 percent and 8 percent.
According to the data, the three member states with the lowest shares of energy from renewable sources in transport were Estonia with 0.4 percent, Croatia with 1.2 percent and Greece with 1.8 percent.
The Commission noted that renewable energy sources typically include liquid biofuels, hydrogen, and biomethane in the transport sector.
"More generally, renewable energy sources also cover wind power, solar power (thermal, photovoltaic and concentrated), hydro power, tidal power, geothermal energy, ambient heat captured by heat pumps, and the renewable part of waste," it added.
By Ebru Sengul