Turkey, World

Turkey marks 103rd anniversary of liberation of Azerbaijan's capital

Caucasian Islamic Army under command of Nuri Pasha (Killigil) liberated Baku from Armenian, Bolshevik occupation in 1918

Jeyhun Aliyev   | 15.09.2021
Turkey marks 103rd anniversary of liberation of Azerbaijan's capital


Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday congratulated the 103rd anniversary of the liberation of Azerbaijan's capital city of Baku from Armenian and Bolshevik occupation.

"I sincerely congratulate the anniversary of the liberation of Baku, the capital of friendly and brotherly Azerbaijan, from occupation, and I commemorate the Caucasian Islamic Army Commander Nuri Killigil Pasha and his heroic soldiers with mercy," Erdogan wrote on Twitter.

The Turkish leader also conveyed his "greetings and love" to all Azerbaijani people.

Vice President Fuat Oktay and Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu also took to Twitter to celebrate the anniversary.

"I commemorate all our martyrs with mercy and respect, especially Nuri Pasha, the commander of the Caucasian Islamic Army, who fought for the liberation of Baku," Oktay said.

Cavusoglu, for his part, wrote: "In the 103rd year of Baku's liberation from occupation, Karabakh, thankfully, is now free. We commemorate our martyrs with mercy. May Allah bless their souls."

Meanwhile, an event was held at the Turkish Embassy in Baku to celebrate the occasion.

On Nov. 10, 2020, following a 44-day conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Upper Karabakh, also known as Nagorno-Karabakh, and surrounding regions, the two countries signed a Russia-brokered cease-fire to end the fighting and work toward a comprehensive resolution.

During the six weeks of fighting, Azerbaijan liberated several cities and some 300 settlements and villages after a nearly three-decade occupation.

Meanwhile, the country's National Defense Ministry also marked Baku's liberation.

"The Caucasian Islamic Army under the command of Nuri Pasha (Killigil) liberated Baku from occupation 103 years ago and established a throne in the hearts of our Azerbaijani brothers. We sincerely celebrate this special day and commemorate our martyrs and veterans with mercy, gratitude and thankfulness," it said on Twitter.

The ministry used the "one nation, two states" hashtag on its Twitter post, referring to a notion and slogan of Azerbaijan's national leader Heydar Aliyev.

On Sept. 15, 1918, an elite Ottoman force – called the Caucasian Islamic Army under the leadership of Nuri Pasha (Killigil) – was sent to Azerbaijan in the final months of World War I, right after Azerbaijan's plea to the Ottoman Empire.

Along with the Azerbaijani National Army and volunteer forces, the Caucasian Islamic Army liberated Baku from Armenian and Bolshevik occupation, paying the noble price of 1,132 people killed.

Enver Pasha, then minister of war, personally conveyed the message to the Ottoman Empire that Baku was liberated from Armenian gangs.

Baku's liberation paved the way for the transfer of the capital from Ganja to Baku and ensuring the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan, and set the basis for its contemporary boundaries.

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