During his first-year in the White House, the U.S. President Donald Trump's energy policies mostly focused on abolishing the clean energy-driven legacy of his predecessor Barack
"America First Energy Policy Plan", which was released on Trump's inauguration day on Jan. 20, 2017, aimed to deregulate the U.S.' energy sector, remove Obama's Climate Action Plan, and use the shale oil and gas resources in federal lands.
Obama's "Climate Action Plan" in 2013 had aimed to lower carbon emissions in the U.S., shift to alternative energy resources, and increase research on climate change.
The plan, however, was labeled by Trump as "unnecessary" and "harmful" when he took
Instead, Trump wanted to reopen coal mines and increase employment in the U.S.' coal sector.
As he repeated numerous times to "unleash America's energy potential" during his presidential campaign, he also won in eight of the U.S.' top nine
Perhaps Trump's most controversial decision came on June 1,
The Accord was seen as a significant legacy of Obama who made the U.S. lead 95 countries to sign the agreement in order to take action against climate change.
On the other hand, Trump dubbed the deal as "unfair" and
- Report from 13 US agencies
A joint report from 13 U.S. federal agencies in November 2017 concluded that "it is extremely likely that human activities, especially emissions of greenhouse gases, are the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century."
Some of the agencies in the report included the U.S.' Departments of Defense, Energy, Commerce, Agriculture, Transportation, NASA, in addition to the U.S.' Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
The report, which was
- Steps to repeal Obama's Clean Power Plan
The Trump administration did not stop short to repeal another Obama clean-energy legacy, his 2015 Clean Power Plan, which aimed to reduce carbon emissions from coal-burning power plants.
Trump signed an executive order
Pruitt argued that the Obama administration overstated the benefits of the Plan, and said "The past administration was using every bit of power and authority to use the EPA to pick winners and losers and how we generate electricity in this country. That's wrong."
- Allowing offshore drilling
Right before Obama left the White House, Obama indefinitely banned drilling in large areas of the Arctic and the Atlantic
However, the Department of Interior announced on Jan. 5, 2018 that it is preparing a five-year plan that will provide exploration and production of oil and gas in federal offshore areas for energy companies with "the largest number of lease sales in U.S. history."
The plan called "Unleashing America's Offshore Oil and Gas Potential", which is considered a major blow to Obama's environmental
- US oil output rises faster under Trump
During Trump's first-year in the office, the U.S. Crude oil production increased more rapidly, compared to Obama's first-year, and reached a record high level.
Between January 2009 to January 2010, domestic crude output in the country had risen from 5.04 million barrels per day (
In Trump's first-year, with much help from rising oil prices in the global market and shale oil output in its full speed, the U.S.' crude oil production increased from 8.96
This marked a 9.3 percent increase in the U.S.' crude oil output during Trump's first-year in the White House.
The U.S.' crude oil production is projected to reach an average of 10
The EIA also estimates that domestic crude output will climb above the 11
Trump's choice for his energy secretary also varied from his predecessor's secretaries.
Obama's energy secretaries were Steven Chu between 2009 and 2013 who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997; and Ernest Moniz, a nuclear physicist, between 2013 and 2017.
On the other hand, Trump's choice for that office was perceived controversial when he nominated the former Texas governor Rick Perry.
During his 2012 presidential campaign, Perry had stated his intention to close down the U.S. Department of Energy. In 2011, he called global warming "a hoax" and
Perry softened his tone in March 2017 before the U.S. Senate approved his nomination, and
- Keystone XL
Another confidential decision came when Trump approved the Keystone XL oil pipeline project that was to carry crude oil from Canada to the refineries in the U.S.' Gulf Coast.
After reviewing the project for 7 years, Obama rejected it
However, Trump approved it
Keystone XL's larger pipeline system, Keystone, caused a malfunction in November 2017 and leaked around 5,000 barrels of crude in
By Ovunc Kutlu in New York