Africa

Zambian opposition leader wins presidential election by landslide

Hakainde Hichilema beats incumbent Edgar Lungu by close to a million votes

James Kunda   | 16.08.2021
Zambian opposition leader wins presidential election by landslide Zambians celebrate Hichilema’s victory

LUSAKA, Zambia

Zambia’s main opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema overcame 15 years of obstacles to achieve a landslide victory early Monday in the country’s presidential election.  

Hichilema, an economist fondly known as HH, of the United Party for National Development (UPND), received 2,810,757 votes, beating his closest rival and incumbent Edgar Lungu of the Patriotic Front (PF), who garnered 1,840,201 votes. 

He is the seventh elected president of Zambia since independence in 1964. 

Zambian President elect Hakainde Hichilema (L) conferring with ex-President Rupiah Banda (R) hours before his victory was pronounced

He became president-elect with close to 60% of the vote, more than the 50% of the vote as per constitutional requirement, with votes tallied from 155 of 156 constituencies nationwide. 

Mutale Nalumango, an ex-deputy speaker of parliament, automatically becomes vice-president by virtue of being Hichilema’s running-mate in the poll. 

Declaring Hichilema the winner around 2:30 a.m. in the capital Lusaka, Electoral Commission of Zambia (ECZ) chairman Esau Chulu said the delayed results being awaited from Mandevu, a constituency in Lusaka, would be insignificant and unnecessarily delay the decision. 

“I therefore proceed to announce the said Hakainde Hichilema to be the president-elect of the Republic of Zambia, on this day 16/08/2021,” Chulu, the returning officer for the presidential poll, said at the national results center the Mulungushi International Conference Center.

The declaration spurred wild celebrations in Lusaka as residents drove around the city honking car horns. 

A group went and gathered at Hichilema’s residence in the plush New Kasama area of Lusaka, which was now surrounded by state security.  

Garry Nkombo, a UPND chairman for elections, described Hichilema’s victory as one for the people. 

Nkombo, himself a parliamentary elected representative from the poll in Mazabuka in the Southern Province, commended the commission for being professional despite delaying the declaration. 

Hichilema, who was running a sixth time, said in a Facebook post on his official account “thank you Zambia.”  

The president-elect had a day prior visited former President Rupiah Banda and the two held private talks ahead of what was becoming a clear Hichilema victory. 

There was no immediate comment from the Lungu camp as an official from his party was earlier ejected from the results center after appearing in a drunken state and attempting to interrupt the results announcement. 

Lungu, who had served for more than six years and defeated Hichilema twice before, said Saturday that the poll was not free and fair, alleging violence on his party agents in three of Hichilema’s provincial strongholds in Western, Southern and North-Western provinces. 

His daughter, Tasila, was however elected a parliamentary representative for Chawama constituency in Lusaka. 

Hichilema and Lungu were the front runners out of a pack of 16 aspirants, several of whom started recognizing Hichilema as the clear victor as early as the second day into vote counting. 

Any losing candidate has a two-week window to petition the outcome, under which Hichilema’s inauguration ceremony would be on hold. 

Lungu, a lawyer, would also have to cede office as per constitutional requirements to the speaker of parliament, Patrick Matibini, to provide for a free and just legal process. 

Hichilema has a lot on his plate to take care of when in office, including an ailing economy due to mounting debt and addressing concerns of deep-rooted government corruption as well as some legal reforms. 

An excited citizen, John Zulu, said Hichilema’s victory was an act of change so much desired by the people as was expressed on voting day, when over 7 million registered voters came out to cast their ballots. 

Hichilema faced a number of challenges in his bid for the presidency, including multiple arrests and restrictions to conduct campaigns via the Public Order Act. 

He was jailed for more than 100 days in 2017 on treason charges after he allegedly refused to give way to Lungu’s motorcade on a road in Western Province during a traditional ceremony.

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