Politics, World

Number of human trafficking victims fell due to COVID-19 restrictions: UN report

11% drop marks 1st decrease seen in 20 years, says UN Office on Drugs and Crime

Beyza Binnur Donmez  | 29.07.2023 - Update : 04.08.2023
Number of human trafficking victims fell due to COVID-19 restrictions: UN report


For the first time in 20 years, a global decrease in the number of human trafficking victims was seen during the recent pandemic due to COVID-19 restrictions, according to a report from UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

"Pandemic-related restrictions on movement and business operations may have at least temporarily reduced some forms of trafficking, including trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and cross-border trafficking," said the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2022.

It added that the 11% reduction in the number of victims was largely seen in low- and middle-income countries where justice, social, and health systems struggled to cope with the pandemic.

The top reduction was seen in East Asia and the Pacific with 59%, followed by North Africa and the Middle East (40%) and Central America and the Caribbean (36%).

Most victims of human trafficking were women, with 42%, according to the report, while 23% of were men and 35% children.

Victims rely on 'self-rescue'

Most victims are self-rescued (41%), the report said, adding that they manage to escape and reach out to the authorities on their own initiative as anti-trafficking responses fall short.

Only 28% of the victims were rescued by law enforcement institutions, 11% by community or strangers, 10% with initial action by the victim's family, 9% by other institutions or civil society, and 1% were rescued by other actions.

"This constitutes an alarming result considering many victims of trafficking may not identify themselves as victims," the report underscored.

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