World, Middle East

Rights watchdog demands probe into France's role in airstrikes on civilians in Egypt

Investigative website Disclose leaks documents on French forces' involvement in at least 19 strikes in 2016-2018

Merve Aydogan   | 24.11.2021
Rights watchdog demands probe into France's role in airstrikes on civilians in Egypt


A global human rights watchdog on Wednesday called on French authorities to "immediately investigate" allegations on involvement in aerial attacks against civilians in a joint "covert operation" with Egypt at the Libyan border in 2016-2018.

The statement by the Human Rights Watch (HRW) came shortly after the investigative website Disclose leaked a number of classified documents from the French Directorate of Military Intelligence, Ministry of Armed Forces, and armed forces general staff, unveiling information on a secret French intelligence operation in Egypt dubbed Operation Sirli.

The HRW noted that France had previously aided the "appalling human rights record" of Egypt under the government of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, a country that is "among France's top arms clients."

"France continues to sign major arms deals with Sisi's government -- also under a pretext of security and fighting terrorism -- despite evidence that some of these weapons had been used to violently suppress protests and commit other human rights violations," it added.

Citing a statement by the French Armed Forces Ministry on launching an investigation "into the information disseminated by Disclose" a day after its release, the watchdog said it remained "unclear whether the investigation would focus on the origins of the leaks themselves or the allegations contained therein."

"France should immediately investigate the allegations made by Disclose into the reconnaissance mission in Egypt's western desert and suspend all sales of security-related assistance to the Egyptian government."

Despite the alleged evidence of French complicity in the killing of civilians, the Disclose said in its report that French forces were "still deployed in the Egyptian desert."

In May, the website also revealed that Egypt signed an agreement to purchase Rafale fighter jets from France in a deal worth €3.75 billion ($4.52 billion).

It also revealed that a major weapons sale by France to Egypt was "secretly" signed on April 26 at Sisi's request.

Besides the warplanes, the deal also involved two other contracts with the France-based missile manufacturing consortium MBDA and avionics firm Safran Electronics & Defense together worth €200 million.

As a result, the total value of the deal amounted to €3.95 billion.

The Disclose documents also show that the Egyptian state has obtained a loan of which 85% is to be guaranteed by France.

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