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Rising prices dampen sales of sacrificial animals in Pakistan

Ahead of Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha, cattle sellers see less sales compared to last year due to decreasing buying power

Aamir Latif   | 05.07.2022
Rising prices dampen sales of sacrificial animals in Pakistan

KARACHI, Pakistan

At a crowded portion of a sprawling makeshift cattle market on the northern outskirts of the port city of Karachi in Pakistan, Muneer Ali was trying to woo buyers to sell out his animals, ahead of the Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha.

Unconvinced by the "higher" prices quoted by Ali, a cattle seller from Rahimyar Khan district of northeastern Punjab province, a group of buyers made tracks for another stall.

But, prices were even higher there.

Traditionally, Karachiites visit the Sohrab Goth Maweshi Mandi – claimed to be Asia's largest cattle market – to buy the animals of their choice to sacrifice on Eid al-Adha, one of the two main Muslim festivals which takes place between the 10th and 13th of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijjah.

Pakistan will celebrate Eid on July 10.

“Prices are higher this year. No doubt about it,” Ali, one of the thousands of cattle sellers who throng this cattle market at the highway that connects Karachi to the rest of the country every year weeks before Eid-ul-Adha, acknowledged.

He, however, blamed skyrocketing transportation, labor, cattle food and market charges for soaring prices of sacrificial animals.

Like many other nations across the globe, this South Asian nuclear country is grappling with a mounting economic crisis, depreciating foreign reserves, and a surging cost of living.

"We have sold out at least 50% fewer animals until now compared to the previous year," Ali told Anadolu Agency, expecting a rise in sales in the remaining last few days.

Echoing a similar view, Maratib Hussain, a cattle seller from the Dera Ghazi Khan district of Punjab, said: “There is no shortage of visitors but most of them do not turn out to be buyers.”

Speaking to Anadolu Agency, Hussain admitted that higher cattle rates have kept the buyers at bay.


- Higher prices

Mohammad Zahid, an insurance agent from Karachi, said that prices were beyond his expectations.

“We (he and his wife) used to sacrifice two goats but I don’t think this would be the case this time as well,” he told Anadolu Agency.

“At given prices, I can afford to buy only one goat this year,” he added.

Asif Ali Syed, an organizer of the cattle market, estimated a 30% to 40% increase in animals' prices this year due to rising inflation and transportation costs.

"An average-size cow, which was available against Rs85,000 ($375) last year, is being sold at Rs125,000 ($620) this year," Syed told Anadolu Agency.

Similarly, he went on to say, prices of goats vary between Rs30,000 ($150) to Rs100,000 ($500) as against Rs20,000 ($100) to Rs75,000 ($375) last year.


- Alternative ways

Syed, however, does not foresee a significant decline in sales of sacrificial animals despite soaring prices.

"There will certainly be an overall impact of the ongoing economic crunch on the sales. But I don't think it will be huge," he said, adding that citizens have come up with alternative ways to perform this "religious duty."

Marking the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son on Allah’s command, financially-able Muslims slaughter animals such as cows, sheep and goats.

While goats and sheep each are counted as one, the larger ones like cows and camels have seven shares per animal, according to Islamic law.

The meat is then donated to the poor, and also shared among family and friends.

"A large number of people, who otherwise would sacrifice goats or sheep, have switched to the option of shared sacrifice due to higher prices," Syed said, claiming that "more" cows are expected to be sold out this time compared to the past year.

Currently, he said, over 400,000 animals have so far been registered in the cattle market, and the number is expected to reach 500,000 in days to come.


- Shared sacrifice

Several charities, which have long been arranging affordable shared sacrificial facilities for the faithful with middle income, have seen a significant increase in orders this year.

The welfare organizations buy the animals, engage the butchers, complete the sacrifice and distribute meat to each shareholder as per the agreed weight.

The Al-Khidmat Foundation, Edhi Foundation, and Sailani Welfare Trust – Pakistan's three largest charities – have booked thousands of such orders.

In this way, these charities get to keep the hides, which sell for cash, one of their sources of income.

“So far, we have received 30% more orders compared to the past year,” said Amjad Chamriya, an official of Sailani Trust, citing the receding buying power of people from the middle and lower-income brackets as one of the key reasons behind the increase in shared sacrifices.

“We have introduced several options ranging from low to modest charges to ensure that a maximum number of people can perform this religious obligation,” he went on to say.

The trust, he added, has so far received 15,000 sacrifice orders

According to Abdul Qadir, an official of the Edhi Foundation, the charity has so far received 8,000 sacrifice orders from across Pakistan and abroad.

Rashid Qureshi, a senior official of Al-Khidmat Foundation, which is also arranging the sacrifice of cattle for Afghanistan, Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and Syrian refugees in Türkiye, told Anadolu Agency that they were expecting a 20% increase in the number of bookings this year.

The charity, he said, has booked over 25,000 sacrifice orders hitherto across Pakistan.

These charities also distribute meat among the poor and Afghan refugees in Pakistan.​​​​​​​

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