The share of renewable energy sources of Turkey's installed electricity capacity reached 45.2% in 2019, compared to 44.7% in 2018, according to the Turkish Energy Market Regulatory Authority's (EMRA) latest report on Friday.
EMRA's Electricity Market Report 2019 showed that Turkey's licensed installed capacity increased 2.1% to 84,957 megawatts last year. Natural gas got the lion’s share at 30.5%, followed by hydroelectricity with 24.3%, lignite with 11.9%, and imported coal with 10.6%.
Licensed electricity production saw a decline of 0.6% to 294,251 gigawatt-hours. Nearly 30.2% of licensed electricity production came from hydraulic plants, while imported coal, natural gas, lignite plants followed with 20.5%, 19.2% and 15.9%, respectively.
Renewable sources' share in licensed electricity production also posted a considerable increase, from 30.7% in 2018 to 42.1% in 2019.
Turkey's unlicensed installed capacity also scaled up by 18.8% to 6,309 megawatts, with 92.3% of this capacity coming from solar power plants. Unlicensed power production rose by 19.7% compared to 2018 and reached 9,829 gigawatt-hours.
- Imports and exports decrease
Meanwhile, Turkey's electricity imports decreased by 10.3% to 2.2 terawatt-hours. Of these imports, 88.7% came from Bulgaria, 11.2% from Georgia and 0.2% from Greece.
Turkey's electricity exports also showed a 9.3% fall to 2.8 terawatt-hours. Turkey exported 95.7% to Greece and 4.3% to Bulgaria and Georgia.
By Ebru Sengul Cevrioglu