Asia - Pacific

121 autonomous regions in 40 countries

Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir only one example of autonomous special status in world

Iftikhar Gilani   | 24.08.2019
121 autonomous regions in 40 countries

ANKARA 

India is not the only country that granted a degree of autonomy to its only Muslim-majority region, Jammu and Kashmir.  

Autonomy measures were incorporated in the country's constitution half a century ago, as a concession to the leaders of the Muslim-majority region, who in 1947 opted to accede to Hindu-majority India, instead of Muslim-majority Pakistan, when both countries gained independence. 

On Aug. 5, India stripped the region of its autonomy, which was meant to preserve its unique demography and cultural identity. 

Anadolu Agency compiled a list of 121 regions that enjoy varying degrees of autonomy granted them by 40 countries, in order to help preserve their ethnic and cultural distinctiveness. 

Russia tops the list with 26 regions granted self-rule, followed by the U.K. and France with 11 regions. China and Italy have seven such regions apiece.    

1. China

Hong Kong, Macau, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Tibet

2. Canada

Quebec

3. Finland

Aland Islands


4. Norway

Svalbard


5. New Zealand

Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau

6. Netherlands

Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten

7. Germany

Heligoland, Busingen am Hochrhein


8. Antigua and Barbuda

Barbuda

9. Australia

Torres Strait Islands  

10. Azerbaijan

Nakhchivan

11. Denmark

Faroe Islands, Greenland

12. Fiji

Rotuma

13. France

New Caledonia, Saint Martin, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna, French Polynesia. Mayotte, French Guiana, Martinique, Corsica, Alsace

14. Georgia

Abkhazia, Adjara, South Ossetia

15. Greece

Mount Athos

16. Indonesia

Yogyakarta, Aceh, Papua, West Papua

17. Iraq

Kurdish Regional Government

18. Italy

Campione d'Italia, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily, Trentino-Alto Adige/Sudtirol, South Tyrol, Trentino

19. Mauritius

Rodrigues

20. Mexico

Mexico City

21. Moldova

Gagauzia, Transnistria


22. Myanmar

Danu Self-Administered Zone, Kokang Self-Administered Zone, Naga Self-Administered Zone, Pa Laung Self-Administered Zone Pa-O Self-Administered Zone, Wa Self-Administered Division

23. Nicaragua

Atlantico Norte, Atlantico Sur

24. Panama

Embera-Wounaan, Kuna de Madugani, Kuna de Wargandi, Kuna Yala, Ngobe-Bugle

25. Papua New Guinea

Bougainville

26. Philippines

Bangsamoro Autonomous Region

27. Portugal

Azores, Madeira   

28. Russia

Adygea, Altai Republic, Bashkortostan, Buryatia, Chechnya, Chuvashia, Republic of Crimea Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmykia, Karachay-Cherkessia, Karelia, Khakassia, Komi, Mari El, Mordovia, North Ossetia-Alania, Sakha Republic, Tatarstan, Tuva, Udmurtia, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Chukotka, Khanty-Mansi, Nenets, Yamalo-Nenets   

29. Saint Kitts and Nevis

Nevis  

30. Sao Tome and Príncipe

Autonomous Region of Príncipe

31. Serbia

Vojvodina

32. Somalia

Puntland

33. South Korea  

Jejudo  

34. Tajikistan

Gorno-Badakhshan

35. Tanzania

Zanzibar  

36. Trinidad and Tobago

Tobago

37. United Kingdom

Northern Ireland, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat, Anguilla

38. Uzbekistan

Karakalpakstan

39. Ukraine

Crimea

40. United States

Puerto Rico, Northern Mariana Islands

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