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Rights activist accuses Russia of 'inhuman tactics' against Crimean Tatars

Protection of Crimean Tatar indigenous people is 'very important' for Ukraine, says official

Islamuddin Sajid   | 23.06.2021
Rights activist accuses Russia of 'inhuman tactics' against Crimean Tatars FILE PHOTO

ISLAMABAD

A Crimean human rights activist on Wednesday accused the Russian authorities of using "inhuman tactics" against the Crimean Tatars and targeting them at their worship places.

Speaking at an online international conference titled "Crimea is Ukraine," organized by the Islamabad Institute of Conflict Resolution (IICR), an Islamabad-based think-tank, Lutfiye Zudiyeva, a human rights activist from Crimea, said Tatar Muslim ethnic minority is being persecuted by the Russian forces in Crimea.

"Many of them (Crimean Tatars) openly opposed Russia's invasion which began in 2014, as our people became a minority in our homeland," she said.

She accused the Russian forces of arresting hundreds of Muslims and sentencing them through their courts on terror charges.

"About 50,000 Tatar residents have already left Crimea while at the same time Russia has been substituting the population of Crimea. Over the past seven years, about 200,000 Russian citizens have been moved from Russia to Crimea," she added.

"Dozens of our people have gone missing, and nothing is known about the fate of a member of the Executive Council of the World Congress of Crimean Tatars who was arrested by the Russian forces."

Rights situation in Crimea

Ukraine's First Deputy Foreign Minister Emine Dzhaparova told the conference that the situation of human rights violation in Crimea is of deep concern for her country.

"If you dare to say publicly that Crimea is Ukraine, you can be detained, at least for five years. We call Crimea a military base (of Russia)," she said.

"By squeezing out the citizens of Ukraine, Russia is trying to bring as many newcomers as possible, and at least half a million Russian citizens have already moved into the Crimean peninsula," the Ukrainian minister said.

She rejected the Russian terror charges against Tatars, saying: "We never had any terrorist attack before 2014. This is a matter of fact, but immediately after the occupation, we found ourselves living in this false reality where Russia, using media experts and officials, tried to show Crimean Tatars as extremist."

She also explained her government's strategy about Crimea and hoped that Pakistan and other countries would support Ukraine to end the "illegal Russian occupation" of Crimea.

Dzhaparova also said Ukraine will observe Feb. 26 as a day of resistance to the occupation and May 18 as a day of remembrance of the victims of the genocide of Crimean Tatar people.

Ukraine and Russia have been at loggerheads since Moscow's 2014 annexation of Crimea, a takeover both Turkey and the UN consider illegal. Ukraine has also been plagued by Russian-backed separatists in the country's east.

Anton Korynevych, permanent representative of the Ukrainian president in Autonomous Republic of Crimea, said his government decided to support its Crimean citizens and provide them with good opportunities for education and financial support to political prisoners.

"We are also constantly in contact with our citizens residing in Crimea, including internally displaced persons, while the protection of Crimean Tatar indigenous people is very important for the state of Ukraine," he said.

Markian Chuchuk, Ukraine's ambassador to Pakistan, and Sabah Aslam, founder and executive director of the IICR, also spoke at the occasion.

Russian treatment of Crimean Tatars

During the World War II, Soviet Russia had to leave Crimea to the Germans.

Crimean Tatar Turks successfully fought against Nazi Germany by joining the Soviet ranks. Despite this, Russian commanders accused Crimean Tatars of "cooperating with the Germans."

After the Russian Red Army recaptured Crimea from Adolf Hitler's Germany, Crimean Tatar Turks began to come under pressure from the Russians.

Reports were prepared for the Soviet administration against the Crimean Tatars, demanding complete expulsion of Crimean Tatars from their homelands.

Nearly 250,000 Crimean Tatar Turks were exiled to Central Asia in three days in wagons that transported animals.

Nearly half of those who were exiled lost their lives on roads due to illness, hunger and difficult conditions.

After Crimean Tatars were expelled from the peninsula, systematic efforts were made to erase traces of the Turkish culture and other communities.

With the decision of the Soviet Union at the end of 1944, all Turkish names of places in Crimea were changed to Russian.

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