CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were up by 1.8% in the fourth quarter of 2019 year-on-year, the Dutch statistical office CBS announced Wednesday.
Gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 1.6% in the same period according to the latest quarterly figures on CO2 emissions, the office said.
The increase in CO2 emissions was mainly due to higher output by energy companies and the petroleum industry. CO2 emissions by the transport sector, on the other hand, were lower than one year previously.
It was slightly colder in the forth quarter of 2019 than in the same quarter of 2018. "Adjusted for this weather effect, CO2 emissions were 1.2% higher than one year previously," the office said.
In the same period, CO2 emissions by energy, water and waste management companies were up by 3.2% year-on-year. Emissions by these sectors were down in the first three quarters of 2019.
"These companies accounted for almost 28% of total CO2 emissions. Electricity companies used less coal and more natural gas in their production process. Combustion of natural gas results in lower CO2 emissions than coal combustion. Due to more electricity production, however, emissions were higher than in the forth quarter of 2018," CBS explained.
Emissions of CO2 in the cluster agriculture, mining, manufacturing industry and construction were also 2.6% up in the last quarter in 2019 on one year previously.
This cluster was responsible for over 26% of total emissions in that quarter. The petroleum industry and the agricultural sector emitted more CO2 while emissions by the basic metal industry were lower than one year previously.
- Higher CO2 emissions by households and services sector
CO2 emissions by households were 1% higher than one year previously. Households consumed slightly more natural gas for heating of homes, according to the CBS.
"Emissions on account of motor fuel consumption did not change. In the forth quarter of 2019, households occupied a share in total CO2 emissions exceeding 21%. CO2 emissions by the services sector were also up by 1% year-on-year. The share in total emissions stood at over 12%," it said.
The office also noted that CO2 emissions by the transport sector were down by 0.9% year-on-year in that quarter and this sector accounted for over 12% of total emissions.
Meanwhile, emissions by the aviation sector and inland navigation increased while emissions by maritime shipping and road haulage decreased.
By Ebru Sengul Cevrioglu