Electricity consumption around the world continues to rise faster than the global population, which is leading to an increase in the average amount of electricity consumed per person, the US' Energy Information Administration (EIA) said in a statement on Monday.
The EIA said electricity around the world is mostly used in buildings for lighting and appliances, in industrial processes for producing goods, and in transportation for powering rail and light-duty vehicles.
It said growth in global electricity consumption is related to economic growth, however, that relationship may differ depending on the country.
"Per person economic growth can occur independently of growth in per person electricity usage in countries with large, developed economies; largely satisfied residential electricity demand; and relatively smaller portions of economic growth coming from industrial production," the statement said.
"Producing a service with greater economic value does not necessarily require any more electricity than a lower-value service," it added, noting that nearly all of the increase in global electricity consumption can be attributed to developing countries outside the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
The average amount of electricity consumed per person, also referred to as per capita electricity consumption, reflects possible changes in the composition of an economy, as in the shift to more energy-intensive industries, and changes in service demand, such as the growing demand for air conditioning and appliances, the EIA said.
"In the US, total electricity consumption has risen slightly since the early 2000s, but electricity consumption per person decreased by nearly 7% between 2000 and 2017 because of improvements in energy efficiency and changes in the economy that have resulted in less electricity use per unit of economic output," the statement said.
By Ovunc Kutlu